1. The Rime of the Ancient Mariner
by Samuel Taylor Coleridge (1772-1834).
2. Port of Enterprise: the story of Falmouth
written and illustrated by E.R. Forestier-Walker (Falmouth: Silley, Cox
& Co Ltd, 1947). The superstructure of the Merchant Aircraft
(MACs) was refitted to convert them back to tankers after the
3. Lt Frank “Raffles” Greenaway RNVR
in a letter to Robert Moore dated
8 February 1990. Warrant Engineer Charles G. Lapthorne RN (1899-1979)
commended for the repair of the extractor pump in July 1943 during
, remained aboard until replaced by Lt(E) William R. Forster RNR
on 16 March 1944.
4. “Taken in Hand (TIH) for defects only”, Flag Officer in Command
(FOC) Falmouth to the Admiralty, 23/1104/10/43. Modern usage in the RN,
USN and other members of NATO give the day of the month before the time
(using the 24 hour clock) followed by month and year.
5. Admiralty signal sent to F.O.C. Falmouth at 16/2115/11/43.
6. F.O.C. Falmouth signal sent to Admiralty at 19/1025/11/43.
7. Admiralty signal sent to F.O.C. Falmouth at 28/1542/10/43.
8. Aircraft torpedo target training, ADM 1/18120.
9. Admiralty signal sent to F.O.C. Plymouth at 30/1831/11/43.
10. F.O.C. Falmouth signal sent to Admiralty at 04/1410/12/43.
11. A four-minute film of the fight to control the fuel depot fire can be seen on YouTube: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=IChL89tweM
12. See the brief account of his life on the publisher’s website, http://www.holywellhousepublishing.co.uk/commandingofficers.html#Durell
13. The detailed account of his life on the publisher’s website is illustrated with his photographs: http://www.holywellhousepublishing.co.uk/Lawson.html
14. Frank Greenaway’s reminiscences were contained in a private
letter to Robert Moore on 8 February 1990 after the publication of the
15. Beckerman’s account is taken from an e-mail to Bill Forster forwarded to Robert Moore in 2005.
16. Frank Greenaway’s letter to Robert Moore dated 8 February 1990.
Admiral Sir George F.B. Edward-Collins entered the Navy in 1898 and was
61 when appointed FOIC Falmouth (HMS Forte
) in 1944. See http://www.unithistories.com/officers/RN_officersE.html#Edward-Collins_GFB
17. The Captain Class frigates
were two classes of American design
classified as destroyer escorts, leased under the Lend Lease Programme.
With war’s end, the surviving members of the 78 frigates were returned
to the US Navy.
18. Frank Greenaway’s letter to Robert Moore dated 8 February 1990.
19. Russell’s account of his wartime service in the Nany as a
stoker for the BBC’s WW2 People’s War website has been deleted
but the description of his time as a stoker in HMS Venomous
can be seen on the publisher's website.
20. For a comprehensive bibliography of the internment camps, visit the
Isle of Man Government’s Manx National Heritage website at http://www.gov.im/mnh/heritage/library/bibliographies/internment.xml
21. For further details of the constant fight by FONAS to get more
target ships for training the pilots of torpedo bomber aircraft see Torpedo Target Ships
22. Ivor Ramsden, Director of the Manx Aviation and Military Museum at
Ronaldsway Airport, is the best source of information about the wartime
history of HMS Urley.
23. Robert McCandless describes the strengths and weaknesses of the
Barracuda TBR and the training of pilots at RNAS Crail to attack air
target ships with practice torpedoes on Reel 7 of a recorded interview
at the Imperial War Museum: http://www.iwm.org.uk/collections/item/object/80024840
24. Analysis of Aircraft Torpedo Practice
(Admiralty Film Unit, June 1944)
can be seen at the Imperial War Museum
by prior arrangement. The publisher is indebted to Peter Kirk for
sharing his knowledge of air target ships and the training of FAA
pilots to attack target ships with torpedoes. He is researching this
subject for a forthcoming book on Bombing and Gunnery Ranges in the UK, 1925-1955
25. Professor Beckerman’s account sent by e-mail to Bill Forster and forwarded to Robert Moore.
26. Letter from NAS Donbristle
to Flag Officer Naval Air Stations (FONAS) dated 26 February 1945. In: Target vessels for Fleet Air Arm
(National Archives, ADM ADM 1/18120).
27. Op. cit
. McCandless, 23.
28. The details of the gale are from the Monthly Weather Report of the Meteorological Office 1945 62(1)
, see http://www.metoffice.gov.uk/media/pdf/k/h/Jan1945.pdf
29. Collister’s account was written in December 2006 not long before his death in August 2007.
31. Cocoa was spelled "Ki" and was supplied in blocks which had to be shaved off and put into hot water.
32. Possibly, Vice Admiral Sir Arthur Lumley St George Lyster
, Flag Officer Carrier Training at East Haven RNAS, Arbroath. HMS Rockingham
had to be abandoned after detonating a mine in the East Coast Barrage 30 miles southeast of Aberdeen on 27 September 1944.
33. Frank Greenaway’s letter to Robert Moore dated 8 February 1990.
34. From the 200 page unpublished memoir of his wartime service in the
Royal Navy in the Royal Navy Museum, Portsmouth (Ref. 1997.55
more about his life and wartime service see the account on the
publisher’s website, http://www.holywellhousepublishing.co.uk/Prideaux.html
35. I am told by David Hobbs, the naval historian and author who lives
in Crail, that there are still people living in Crail who remember the
practice torpedoes being brought back to the small fishing harbour. The
names of the Torpedo Recovery Vessels (TRV) are listed in Part Six, Trawlers, Whalers and Drifters, of Warships of World War II
by H.T. Lenton and J.J. Colledge (Ian Allan, 1973).
36. After a term at Trinity College, Oxford, Miroslav Stanley Lansky enlisted in the Navy, trained at HMS Ganges
and was an OD on HMS Norfolk
at the Battle of the North Cape when the Scharnhorst
was sunk on 26 December 1943. After officer training he joined HMS Cassandra
and was torpedoed on 11 December 1944. His story is told on the publisher’s website at http://www.holywellhousepublishing.co.uk/MiroslavLansky.html
37. John Pelling, Stoker 1c, D/KX 561726, a cockney from Canning Town
on the north bank of the Thames in London’s East End. The 20-year-old
son of John and Florence Pelling, he died on Friday 9 March 1945 and is
buried at Plaistow in the East London Cemetery.